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Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta

The basic wisdom of Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta

Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta explains the nature and state of the soul. The soul is immortal, and eternal and it can not be destroyed by weapons, fire or by other means. The soul is the consciousness in every being.
Reincarnation - The soul acquires a new body through a new birth when the old body becomes unfit to continue just as human beings take new clothes when old clothes become unfit to wear.
This is an accepted hypothesis in Geeta. So birth, death and rebirth are circles that the soul of every individual goes through unless the soul is liberated from the compulsions of desire.
When animal urges and compulsions of desire are no more, the soul attains a level of refinement that makes the soul absolutely free while retaining full consciousness with the realization of supreme truth.
This stage, is the culmination "Sadhana", or spiritual discipline that may continue for several births.
The journey’s "end" for the soul is reached when the circle of birth and rebirth remains no more for that soul and the blissful state of everlasting immortality is reached.
The spiritual journey to this ultimate stage of "Moksha" or complete liberation is attained through the systematic practice of spiritual discipline in the system of "Yoga".
The system of yoga that aims at freeing the soul from the chain of karma accumulated through many births is explained and analysed in Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta.
Several forms of yoga are elaborated in concise yet clear way in this explanation of spiritual path that forms a part of the epic "Mahabharat".
In Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta, different types of yoga are analyzed and classified. Paths in yoga may be different, but they all lead to the same goal. Each individual has different temperament so each individual requires the type of yogic discipline that would suit that individual on the spiritual journey.
We must understand clearly that all paths of yoga have certain common aspects.
Being absolutely sincere is a must for each and every person following any form of spiritual discipline.
Without being sincere in a steady manner, no improvement in any path of Yoga can be made in a proper way. Without continuous and sincere efforts to practice the yogic discipline, a high yogic level cannot be maintained.
Each and every form of yoga is subject to this rule. Shrimad Bagawat Geeta gives a lot of importance on the maintenance of the yogic level.
Each and every form of yoga requires the person who practices yoga to remain calm and self composed in a conscious state of mind.
All yogic paths take the individuals who practice yogic disciplines in a step by step method to higher stages of spiritual evolution.
This spiritual evolution is the basic aspect in the development of every being, whether the concerned being is aware of this or not.
Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta in concise manner says how to control the basic emotional urges. The full control of the basic animal urges leads to the liberation of the consciousness of the being concerned from the bondages of the compulsions of Nature. The long chain of Karmas at this stage no longer exist for that concerned individual at the point of yogic culmination. Whatever the type of yoga that may have been "used" by the concerned individual, the culminating point is the same.
Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta clearly states that the individual consciousness (the soul concerned) has the power to tighten the bondages animal urges (through negative "actions and also the power to loosen the grip of the animal urges (through positive "actions" that include physical and mental both)
The animal urges are termed "ripu" or enemies. These urges can be controlled through the power of "will". The power of will can be exercised through sincere attitude and by focusing the mind (concentration)
Many may say that giving up smoking is so difficult that it seems impossible, yet I know of several people who have given up smoking with the power of will.
In this way, if one consciously tries to apply the power of will to get rid of bad habits, one can become free from bad habits.
The qualities have been classified in three basic ways. Satva, Rajas and Tamas.
"Satva" or "Satvik" qualities connote the mental situation at the time when proper and effective efforts are made to control the animal urges in a willing and conscious way.
"Rajas" or "Rajasik" qualities connote the mental stage at the time when the desires to enjoy material pleasures are indulged in.
"Tamas" or "Tamasik" qualities connote the mental stage when wrong and negative thoughts control the mind and wrong and negative actions caused by negative and wrong thoughts are committed.
When the concerned being is ignorant about the need to control greed, anger, excessive and undue sexual desires, arrogance, delusion and envy, the individual being may indulge in negative thoughts and actions.
I would like to mention that since conscious beings are complex creatures and multiple emotions constantly play their parts in their existence, "Satvik", "Tamasik" and "Rajasik", all three types of emotions are found in every being. According to the situation one type of quality becomes dominant over other types.
This way of life may exist in a continuous way unless the individual concerned takes charge of the situation by exercising a strong will.
Yet, we must understand that will can be used in positive and negative aspects both.
By taking the positive path and by consciously rejecting negative thoughts that cause greed, anger, undue sex, envy, arrogance and delusion, one gains clarity of thought.
This clarity of thought justifies the positive attitude in the process of controlling the mind on the emotional plane. This understanding is the basis of "knowledge" in Yoga.
Actions are of two types, first type of actions are those that are personal gains.
The second type of actions are those that are not for personal gains and the "work" is undertaken in selfless manner for the benefit of other beings in a positive way.
Geeta states that beings have their "rights" over the actions but not over the results.
When duty is done for the sake of the duty according to the conscience, or the work is undertaken for the sake of compassion and consideration, or when the thoughts of the positive benefits of others are given preference over personal benefits, selfless actions take place.
This is a very effective way to remove the bondages of animal urges. In "Geeta" this is called "Nishkam Karma Yoga", or the yoga of "desireless actions".
Try to do good deeds regularly without the expectation of any reward and you will advance on the path of "Karma" without desire in the system of yoga.
The attempts to, control the emotions is to be carried on regularly so that it becomes a habit to do so. Forming this habit to control one’s emotions in a regular way with a strong will is also an effective way in yoga.
Regular self contemplation in an unbiased manner is of great help in the process of yoga.
This helps to understand and evaluate the mental state of the individual being in the depths of his or her consciousness.
In my essay I have avoided excessive pedantic talk heavy with Sanskrit "Slokas". I have tried to make the wisdom of Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta understandable to the person who reads my articles that explain this subject in my own way, in the way I understand truth.
I have tried to present the wisdom of Geeta, in a way that it may be understandable to people from any faith or community.
The final point in this process is full and absolute devotion to Eternal and all pervading consciousness in conscious manner with a mind that has become purified from the crude animal urges. This phenomenon of full and absolute devotion is called "Bhakti".
The concept of Eternal and all pervading consciousness has been explained in multiple manner in Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta. The path of devotion is effective in yoga only when the soul is free from crude and negative desires.
One who practices conscious self control with a good heart that understands the value of wise and selfless actions advances on spiritual scale in the process of spiritual evolution.
Now, some in modern society my say that they don’t believe in "Eternal and all pervading consciousness", but even so, such people may appreciate the need of self control and the ability to concentrate in a better way.
In Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta different types of Yoga are analysed and classified.
Each individual has different temperament so each individual requires the type of yogic discipline that would suit that individual on the spiritual journey.
We must understand clearly that all paths of yoga have certain common aspects.
Being absolutely sincere is a must for each and every person following any form of spiritual discipline.
Without being sincere in a steady manner, no improvement in any path of yoga can be made in a proper way. Without continuous and sincere efforts to practice the yogic discipline, a high yogic level can not be maintained.
Each and every form of yoga is subject to this rule.
Knowledge of truth that removes the materialistic illusions from the mind lead the path to spiritual liberation in yoga.
According to Geeta, the path of positive devotion to Eternal consciousness or "Bhakti yoga" is a powerful yogic exercise leading to spiritual liberation.

by Prabal Pramanik

Note : To emphasize on certain important points when explaining some teachings in Shrimad Bhagawat geeta, I mentioned the subject concerned in different ways, causing necessary repeatations.




The wisdom of Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta
that can be benefitted by most people in
diverse situations and places

In India many people worship Shrimadbhagawat Geeta, many people listen to the recitations of Geeta and many people read Geeta for religious reasons.
Yet very few would actually and sincerely attempt to follow the paths of yoga as described in Geeta in real life.
Unless the wisdom of this spiritual guide book is applied to life in a practical manner, there will be no real gain from it.
Knowledge that affects the relationship of the individual with this universe if used in the practical and positive way, is valuable not only for the person practicing serious spiritual discipline but also for the person who wants to improve himself or herself in an effective manner.
I have simplified the theory in many parts and have omitted discussion on certain areas to make this article more acceptable to people with values of modern materialistic society.
An increased power of concentration and greater emotional self control helps not only in spiritual life but also in everyday situations.
Even if you don’t believe in ancient Hindu ideas about reincarnation and gods, you would still be able to understand the need for greater self control over negative emotions, the need to focus your concentration on positive actions and the value of self contemplation to increase the strength of the mind.
Peace is a state of the mind that the individual can cultivate for himself or herself.
The difficulties and sorrows come in life but we can try to control our reactions in adverse situations, in difficult times. Geeta teaches us this. In this way we can maintain better emotional balance. So, the theory of yoga in Shrimad Bhagawat Geeta is worth a try in practical life.

by Prabal Pramanik

Note : "Geeta" shows the way to be at peace with yourself. Often, the external situations we can’t control, and the difficulties seem crushing, yet we can try to control our reaction to adverse situations.
By keeping control over our emotions even in really difficult situations, we actually start talking control over our lives in a very personal manner.
The greater is the control over one’s emotions, better will be the ability to be at peace with oneself.
Greater control over one’s actions will result from emotional control and when emotional control becomes a habbit, the individual advances on the way of spritual discipline.
"Geeta" stresses on this factor of making self control a regular habbit. "Habbit Yoga" or "Abhyasa Yoga" is a very understandable way that any one can understand in his or her present position irrespective of personal beliefs and follow with a little bit of regular and conscious effort without clashing with his or her personal faith and beliefs.
Now, keeping your illusionary desires under control is a part of this discipline, identify your real wants and try to keep yourself free from the greed propelled insatiable attitude.
Detachment from compulsions of desires will come from this attitude. This "detachment" has been given much importance in Geeta.
This attitude of not being pressurized by the evaluation of other people is necessary in the path of spiritual discipline according to Geeta.
Freedom from the compulsions of illusionary desires will bring a sense of greater satisfaction. This sense of satisfaction or "santosha", that is brought about by greater self control is an important aspect of human life according to Geeta.
Moreover be not overwhelmed by the praise or blame of other people when you follow your own judgment and your own path of spiritual development.
Since "Geeta" shows so many ways for spiritual development, all leading to spiritual liberation, an individual may find it possible to find the way that suits his or her temperament.
With regular practice of self control over animal urges, the mind gains clarity of thought and becomes sensitive enough to understand certain basic truths of existence, leading to the realization of many aspects of spiritual knowledge.



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